The speech therapist is a specialist in communication disorders. He treats and diagnoses people with a variety of problems related to language (speaking, understanding, reading, and writing), communication, speech, voice and the ability to swallow.
The speech and language therapist is involved as much in prevention as in assessment and rehabilitation. The speech-language pathologist's procedures are designed to develop, restore or maintain the person's ability to communicate and to encourage his or her autonomy and integration into family, school, professional and social activities.
Example of disorders encountered:
Language: Dysphasia, dyslexia, and aphasia following a stroke
Communication: dementia, autism, intellectual disability ...
Speech: stuttering, joint problem in a degenerative disease
Voice: following surgery for throat cancer or the presence of lumps...
Ability to swallow (uses the same muscles as speaking: tongue propulsion in thumb-sucking people, dysphagia following a stroke...
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